International Journal of Computer Processing of Oriental Languages

Founded in 1988, the International Journal of Computer Processing of Oriental Languages, or IJCPOL, was previously published by the Chinese Language Computer Society, or CLCS, to serve as a forum for academic and industrial researchers and practitioners to investigate the application of new computer technologies to Oriental languages computing. The issues considered include all aspects of computer processing of Oriental languages: input, output, character recognition, speech recognition, automatic translation, teaching and retrieval from archives and the web.

As IJCPOL enters the New Millennium, a broadening of its scope is envisioned. Previously it was more concerned with the development of new techniques to facilitate the input, output and processing of documents in Oriental languages. Such interests still exist, however new challenges and opportunities are emerging. These challenges and opportunities can best be characterized by the Three Big E's: Education, E-commerce and Entertainment. The ubiquitous Internet nowadays provides the computing environment for the Three Big E's, and people are naturally drawn into this brave new world. From the perspective of IJCPOL, it is now interested in all aspects of computing for Education, E-commerce and Entertainment in Oriental languages. Of special interests are web-based applications, E-commerce, multilingual E-learning and the use of XML in multilingual applications, to name but a few.

In addition to papers in the traditional areas of concerns, papers addressing the following topics are also solicited: Oriental languages WWW, Oriental languages E-Commerce, Computer-based Oriental languages education, Web-based tools for Oriental language teaching as a second language, Automated Language translation, Oriental languages PDA Architecture XML for Oriental languages computing, Knowledge Representation of Oriental languages, Speech Understanding, handwritten character recognition and gesture recognition.

IJCPOL has also enlarged its scope as far as languages are concerned. We regard Oriental languages as comprising not only languages from Asia but also languages from the Middle East, and the computer processing of both contemporary and ancient languages are to be considered. Papers are welcome on the computer processing of Arabic languages as well as the recognition, analysis and understanding of ancient Oriental languages by computers.

IJCPOL is now published by World Scientific, but its editorial board is still organized and operated by CLCS. This partnership enables CLCS to capitalize on its existing strength to explore the new research frontiers as outlined above. With the support of World Scientific, the journal is positioned to serve the researchers and practitioners in all the Asian Pacific countries, who are interested in the new challenges and opportunities in Oriental languages computing.

Papers for IJCPOL can be submitted electronically, and submissions should be directed to World Scientific. Paper review will be handled by a IJCPOL Area Editor or, if a paper does not fall into an existing area covered by an Area Editor, reviewed by members of the editorial board and/or external reviewers. To find out whether a paper is relevant to a certain area, people are encouraged to contact the Area Editors directly by e-mail to discuss the paper with them. Suggestions of special issues are also welcome. People interested in organizing special issues should contact the Editor-in-Chief directly by e-mail and be prepared to submit a formal proposal, after having discussed the proposal with the Editor-in-Chief.


Shi-Kuo Chang, University of Pittsburgh, USA (E-mail:

Area Editors:

Text and Character Recognition: Francis Chin, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (virtual university) (E-mail:
Multi-lingual Information Processing: Key-Sun Choi, KAIST, Korea (E-mail:
Korean Languages Processing: Jong-Hyeok Lee, Pohang University of Science & Technology, Korea (E-mail:
Information Retrieval: Sung-Hyun Myaeng, Chungnam National University, Korea (E-mail:
Virtual University: Jianhua Ma, Hosei University, Japan (E-mail:
Multimedia Computing: Tim Shih, Tamkang University, Taiwan, Republic of China (E-mail:
Chinese Language Processing: Benjamin K T'sou, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (E-mail:
E-Commerce: K. F. Wong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China (E-mail:
Document Information Systems: Vilas Wuwongse, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand (XML, Thai language processing) (E-mail:

Editorial Board:

Kazuhiko Yamamoto, Gifu University, Japan (E-mail:
Keh-Jiann Chen, Academia Sinica, Taiwan, Republic of China (Chinese language processing) (E-mail:
Hiromichi Fujisawa, Hitachi Central Research Lab, Japan (character recognition, document analysis, speech recognition, information retrieval) (E-mail:
Hitoshi Iida, Sony Computer Science Labs, Japan (Machine Translation, Speech Translation, Spoken Dialogue Understanding, Discourse understanding) E-mail:
Louisa Lam, Concordia University, Canada (character recognition, language differentiation) (E-mail:
Seong-Whan Lee, Korea University, Korea (E-mail:
Tian-Shun Yao, Northeastern University, China (E-mail:
Shiaw-Shian Yu, Yam Digital Technology, Taiwan, Republic of China (character recognition, document processing, Internet service and application) (E-mail:

Advisory Board:

Yaohan Chu, University of Maryland, USA (E-mail:
Hsi-Jian Lee, National Chiao Tung University, Taiwan, Republic of China (E-mail:
Chao-Ning Liu, Nankang Software Park, Taiwan, Republic of China (E-mail:
Ching Y. Suen, Concordia University, Canada (handwriting recognition, character recognition) (E-mail:

Governing Board of Chinese Language Computer Society (2000-2003):

Dr. Shi-Kuo Chang, University of Pittsburgh, USA
Dr. Bejamin K. T'sou, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China, Vice President
Dr. Key-Sun Choi, KAIST, Korea
Dr. Wei Hwang, IBM, USA, Treasurer
Dr. Louisa Lam, Concordia University, Canada
Dr. Jong-Hyeok Lee, Pohang University of Science & Technology, Korea
Dr. Seong-Whan Lee, Korea University, Korea
Dr. An-Chi Liu, Feng Chia University, Taiwan, Republic of China
Dr. Timothy Shih, Tamkang University, Taiwan, Republic of China
Dr. Patrick S. P. Wang, Northeastern University, USA
Dr. Kam Fai Wong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Prof. T. S. Yao, Northeastern University, China


(The same information can be found at:

Form of Manuscript: Four copies of the manuscript including the original (reproductions are acceptable if they are clearly legible) and copies of all figures are required. In addition, one reproducible set of figures (professionally drafted ink originals of line drawings; glossy prints of halftones) will be required if the paper is accepted. Manuscripts should be typewritten, double-spaced on one side of 8.5 X 11 in white paper with 1 inch margins. Page 1 should contain the article title, author(s), and affiliation(s); and the name and complete mailing address of the person to whom correspondence should be sent. Any footnotes to the title (indicated by *, +, etc.) should be placed at the bottom of page 1. Page 2 should contain a short abstract (100-150 words), and a list of keywords.

Electronic manuscript: An electronic manuscript in Word format, Latex format or plain text format should be provided on a diskette. The electronic manuscript should follow the same general style as described in this document. The publisher will edit your file to make sure every article follows the same style. Figures in gif, jpg, ps or eps format should be saved on the diskette as separate files. It will be most helpful to include a README text file describing the content of the diskette.

List of Symbols: The manuscript should contain a list of all symbols used in the paper. They should be identified typographically for the printer, not mathematically. This list will not appear in print, but is essential to avoid costly corrections in proof.

Footnotes: Text footnotes should be avoided whenever possible. If they must be used, indicate them by superscript numbers in the text, and type them all double-spaced on a separate page.

Equations should be typewritten and with the number placed in parentheses at the right margin. Reference to the euqations should use the form "Eq. (3)" or simply (3).

References should be indicated in the text by numbers in square brackets and listed at the end of the paper in numerical order; they should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. Style and punctuation of references must be in accordance with the following examples:

1. T. Y. Kong and A. W. Roscoe, Continuous analogs of axiomated digital surfaces. Comput. Vision Graphics Image Process 29, 1985, 60-86.

2. R. M. Haralick, edge and region analysis for digital image data in Image Modeling (A. Rosenfeld, Ed), pp. 171-184, Academic Press, New York, 1981.

3. R. A. Schowengerdt, Techniques for Image Processing and Classification in Remote Sensing, Academic Press, New York, 1983.

4. Proceedings of 1999 IEEE Symposium on Visual Languages, Tokyo, Japan, September 13-16, 1999,

Reports should not be cited unless absolutely necessary. Tables should be numbered with Arabic numerals in order of appearance in the text. They should be typed double-spaced on separate pages. Each table should have a short descriptive caption. Table footnotes (indicated by superscript lower-case letters) should be typed at the end of the table. Figures should be numbered in order of appearance (with Arabic numerals) and should have short descriptive captions. Line drawings must be professionally drafted originals, in black ink, with lettering large enough to be legible after a reduction of 50-60%. Photographs must be glossy prints. No figures should exceed 8.5 x 11 inch in size; they should be designed to fit the proportions of the printed page. All figures should have captions typed double-spaced on a separate sheet. Illustrations in color can be accepted only if the authors defray the cost.

Sample Journal Paper: A sample journal paper in pdf format is provided for the author's convenience. This is a paper for IJSEKE journal, but the same style should be followed.

Page Charge: There is a mandatory page charge of $30 USD per published page. The author will receive 100 copies of reprints free of charge, and free one-year subscription to the journal either for the author or some one designated by the author.

Turnaround Time: There is no deadline. Papers can be submitted any time during the year. It generally takes about six months to have the paper reviewed and each round of review takes about six months. If a paper is accepted after one round of review, the time between the submission to actual publication is about one year. If a paper requires several rounds of review, longer time may be needed.

Final version and Diskette: If the paper is accepted, the final version of the manuscript and one copy, with a separate page listing all mathematical symbols used in the paper, a separate page of figure captions, original figures each on a separate page, and a diskette containing the text of the paper in TeX, LaTeX, WORD or ASCII format, are to be sent to the publisher. The following style files are available from the publisher.

The International Journal of Computer Processing of Oriental Languages (ISSN 0219-4279) is published quarterly. Subscription rates are US $160 (libraries) and US$90 (individuals).

Send Papers and Correspondence to:
Ms. Kim Tan, Production Editor of IJCPOL
World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd.
5 Toh Tuck Link #01-01
Singapore 596224
Tel: 65-4665775
Fax: 65-4677667
Internet e-mail: