Keynote I: Outsourcing America
Professor Ron Hira
July 5 Wednesday 8:30am to 9:45am
Companies are increasingly sourcing engineering labor globally. They are transferring tasks and jobs traditionally done by American engineers to lower-cost countries, where engineers earn as little as ten percent of a comparable American. Information Technology (IT) is the first industry to move overseas. A "Global Delivery Model," where companies include both an onshore and offshore component when bidding on work, has already become the norm. As a result, IT firms are shifting their workforce towards lower cost countries. While no government organization has reliable figures on exactly how many engineering tasks and jobs have moved to low-cost countries, observable trends indicate the process is accelerating in scale and scope. For example, IBM is projected to have 18% of its workforce in India by the end of 2006 up from just 2% in 2003.
These changes in firm behavior will have significant impacts on American engineers and the US innovation system. This talk will cover why companies are moving work overseas; how much is being outsourced; the types of jobs being outsourced; and, the impacts on developed and developing countries. It will also explore how engineers can adapt to the global technology labor market and the policy debates on outsourcing.
About Professor Ron Hira
Dr. Ron Hira is an Assistant Professor of Public Policy at Rochester
Institute of Technology where he specializes in engineering workforce
issues and technology policy. Ron is author of the book, Outsourcing
America, published by the American Management Association. Outsourcing
America has been named a finalist in the best business book category for
this year's Benjamin Franklin Awards presented by the Publishers
Marketing Association. In 2006 he received the IEEE-USA President's
Special Citation Award "for furthering public understanding of an
economic trend that has profound implications for the engineering
profession through his book Outsourcing America."
Professor Hira is a recognized expert on offshore outsourcing and has
testified before the US Congress twice on its implications. He has given
over 70 invited talks on offshore outsourcing at universities, to
policymakers, as well as to the general public. Ron is frequently quoted
and interviewed in many major newspapers and magazines, and on
television and radio. Previously Ron worked as a control systems
engineer and program manager with Sensytech, NIST, and George Mason
University (GMU). Dr. Hira has been a consultant to the U.S. Department
of Treasury Executive Institute, Rand Corporation, National Research
Council, Enterprise Integration Inc, Deloitte & Touche, General Motors
and Newport News Shipbuilding.
Dr. Hira completed his Post-Doctoral Fellowship at Columbia University's
Center for Science, Policy, and Outcomes. He holds a Ph.D. in Public
Policy from GMU, an M.S. in Electrical Engineering also from GMU, and a
B.S. in Electrical Engineering from Carnegie-Mellon University. Ron is a
licensed professional engineer and is Vice President for Career
Activities of IEEE-USA, the largest engineering professional society in
America. In 2004, he was awarded the Citation of Honor from IEEE-USA for
his work on behalf of the engineering profession. Ron participated on
the Council on Foreign Relations' "Research Roundtable on Technology,
Innovation and America's Primacy" and the Council on Competitiveness'
"National Innovation Initiative."
Information Services in Service Oriented Architecture -- Challenges and Opportunities
Dr. Kuo-Wei Hwang
July 6 Thursday 8:30am to 9:45am
Innovative use of information creates new business value and reduces risks
for an enterprise. The creation of consistent, reusable services around
information is fast becoming a strategic focus amongst leading businesses.
This talk looks at forces that are driving enterprise information services
requirements, and how the confluence of the service oriented architecture
approach along with recent trends in information management technologies is
quickly becoming the technology underpinning in implementing information
services solutions. Feedback and lessons learned from early SOA projects to
surface trusted, integrated enterprise information will be discussed.
About Dr. Kuo-Wei Hwang
Dr. Kuo-Wei Hwang currently leads the Information Services for SOA initiative inside IBM. He directs an organization that is responsible for the development of Information Services architecture patterns, solutions, services offerings, as well as a competency center which works with enterprises and organizations around the world on the deployment of information management technology in service oriented architecture. Dr. Hwang is based in IBM Silicon Valley Lab in San Jose, California.
Dr. Hwang's professional career spans software R&D, international business management positions, and executive positions in the telecommunications industry. He joined IBM at the Santa Teresa laboratory in San Jose, California, in 1990. As a member of IBM Database Technology Institute he participated in the advanced technology transfer project which led to the launch of IBM's object-relational DBMS, DB2 UDB. From 1994 to 1996 he was on international assignment in Beijing, China, as the founding member of IBM's data management operation there.
From 1997-2000 he was in Singapore as the regional business unit executive of Software Solutions and Network Computing Solutions divisions for IBM ASEAN/South Asia. He served as CTO and executive VP of Products and Services at MediaRing Inc. in Singapore from 2000-2002 before returning to IBM Silicon Valley Lab in the US.
Dr. Hwang received his Ph.D. in Computer and Information Sciences from the University of Minnesota.
Keynote III: A Pragmatic approach to Enterprise Services Orientation
July 7 Friday 8:30am to 9:45am
The green field advantages of Services and SOA are clear.
However, for most large enterprises, the major impact of any service
oriented approach must include so called "legacy systems". As we deliver
the promised business agility, we must leverage the stability and
richness of this area of significant IT investment.
From the perspective of SAP, the industry leader in service oriented
applications, this presentation will discuss the key issues of real
world enterprise service architecture.
About Gordon Simpson
Gordon Simpson is a VP at SAP Labs with broad responsibilities within their ESA/BPP
architecture strategies. Over the last decade, Gordon has held technology leadership roles
with BEA Systems, Vitria Technology and IBM. He has been involved in all aspects of
enterprise applications development since the mid-70s; designing and writing end-user
applications as well as applications infrastructure while working with most computer
"platforms" from punched cards to Enterprise Services/SOA.
AAIEPESE Keynote: Artificial Intelligence and Environmental Systems Engineering
July 5 Wednesday 13:30pm to 14:15pm
The general reality of paradigm collision
between artificial intelligence and environmental systems
engineering has been ignored before 1990s although both
of them bear quite the same nature in theory and
methodology. The synergy between these two disciplines
may enable us to address extended concerns of
environmental engineering by enhancing understanding
of issues and problems related to sustainable
development in the future. This paper tends to bridge the
gap and combine both regimes into a unified framework
so as to enlarge their application potentials.
About Ni-Bin Chang
Dr. Ni-Bin Chang received his Masters and Ph.D. degree from Cornell University in 1989
and 1991 respectively. He has been directing academic research in the application of
environmental and water resources management to the solution of environmental
problems over fifteen years. He has acquired over three (3) million dollars research
funding in the past decade. He has served as a consultant to private and government
agencies involving environmental management, water resources development, and
system planning in Asia and US. Twenty-seven (27) of his graduate students have
completed their degrees with theses, and four with dissertation. Approximately 97% of these
works have been published in journals/conferences. He has authored and co-authored over
110 peer-reviewed journal articles, 7 books and chapters, and additional 90 conference
Dr. Chang has competed over 40 research projects and most of them were in the
solid waste management area in the past 14 years. In his early career, his expertise rests
on the application of statistics and optimization theory for solid waste management
planning, recycling of municipal solid waste and construction and demolition waste, and
waste management facility design by a system-based approach. One of his major
applications being accomplished before includes development of presorting facilities for
municipal incinerators for improving recycling efficiency region wide. He also conducted
several industrial waste management projects.